There isn’t a secret language that the cannabis pros use, but it may seem like that sometimes. Refer back to this glossary of cannabis terms definitions if you’re at a loss for words to describe a CBD product, or maybe you want to make more educated buying decisions. The purpose of this glossary is to help you understand the most commonly used cannabis terms that relate to hemp and CBD.
Let’s get started.
Also known as a dispensary, an access point is an authorized location within a legal state where cannabis patients can legally purchase medical marijuana and CBD.
Synonymous with “scent”, aroma is a term used to describe the smell of a strain. Because everyone’s definition of aromas is different, aroma descriptions are meant as a guide rather than set facts. Some terms used to describe cannabis aromas include “earthy”, “sweet”, “skunky”, and “diesel” and “citrusy.”
An ash catcher is a smoking accessory that can be added to a bong or pipe to prevent the accumulation of ash, resin, and charred plant matter from getting the piece dirty. Ash catchers also assist in filtration, helping to produce cleaner and smoother hits.
The extent and rate at which a percentage of a dose of CBD (or other cannabinoid) reaches systemic circulation (enters the bloodstream. Basically, the bioavailability determines how much of the CBD you took is actually present in your body to provide the desired effect. The amount you take and the method of consumption both play a role in determining the bioavailability of CBD.
Broad spectrum CBD is CBD that was extracted from the hemp plant with all of the other constituents from the hemp plant, except for THC. This means it has other cannabinoids, terpenes, and essential oils from the plant. Because there is no THC, this should not get you high or stoned.
Cannabidiol, or CBD, is the second most abundant cannabinoid found in the Cannabis plant. CBD is non-psychoactive and counteracts the psychoactive effects of THC. CBD continues to grow in popularity because of its therapeutic effects on seizure disorders (epilepsy), mental health (anxiety), pain and inflammation, and other disorders and conditions.
A cannabinoid is a chemical compound present in Cannabis plants. These compounds interact with the brain’s cannabinoid receptors. The most famous cannabinoid is THC, the primary psychoactive compound in marijuana. CBD is the second most abundant and counteracts THC. There are at least 113 different identified cannabinoids.
Cannabinoid 1 and Cannabinoid 2 Receptors
Commonly referred to as CB1 and CB2, the cannabinoid receptors are what cannabinoids interact with. CB1 receptors regulate physical and psychoactive effects while the CB2 receptors mediate inflammation and immune responses throughout the immune and peripheral nervous systems.
A cola is the flower cluster that builds along the upper part of the main stems and branches in a mature female cannabis plant. The cola is comprised of several small trichome-laden buds that have matured along the stem and are surrounded by many trichome-coated sugar leaves. Cola tops are the choicest part of the plant.
Edibles are cannabis-infused food or beverage products, such as gummies, brownies, and sodas. These can contain either THC or CBD, or both.
No glossary of cannabis terms would be complete without this one. Endocannabinoids are cannabinoids naturally produced by your body.
The endocannabinoid system, or ECS, is the natural system in your body that produces, utilizes, and breaks down cannabinoids produced by your body or consumed by you. The endocannabinoid system is made up of chemical receptors where endocannabinoids bond, in addition to the enzymes that synthesize and break them down.
The entourage effect refers to the interaction between the many different compounds in cannabis. These include cannabinoids, flavonoids, and cannabinoids. The entourage effect takes place when a group of compounds work together to create a much greater effect than if one compound was working on its own.
Full spectrum CBD products contain all of the cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant. High quality full spectrum CBD products are rich in CBD, but contain only trace amounts of other cannabinoids, and are very low in THC (containing less than 0.3%). Our CBD tincture is an example of a full spectrum CBD product.
Hemp is a variety of the Cannabis sativa L. plant, hemp is dioecious, meaning it can be separated into female and male plants. Hemp plants have been used for a variety of purposes for thousands of years: For fiber, protein, oils, and smokeables. Hemp produces a range of cannabinoids, including THC, the psychoactive cannabinoid abundant in marijuana. However, legal hemp contains less than 0.3% THC, which is not enough to produce a high or stoned feeling. Instead, hemp is rich in cannabidiol (CBD).
Isolate is a highly concentrated, pure form of a cannabinoid. CBD isolates are the most popular.
If you look closely at the buds of some premium hemp flower, you’ll notice they sparkle with what looks like very tiny, very sticky crystals. This is kief, also called pollen or dry sift. Kief is just one part of a trichome, the little white “hairs” sticking out from the buds. Trichomes look like translucent mushrooms. Kief is the head of the trichomes, and holds the highest concentrations of terpenes and cannabinoids.
Lipid extraction is the process of using organic fatty acids to encapsulate and absorb compounds, preserving the hemp’s qualities without needing to use any alcohol, harsh solvents, or CO2. Lipids promote absorption of orally consumed cannabinoids, such as CBD, greatly increasing bioavailability.
Marijuana, also known as pot, ganja, weed, etc., is a genus of flowering plants from the Cannabaceae family. Marijuana plants come in many different families and phenotypes, such as sativa, indica, hybrid, and hemp. Marijuana contains both psychoactive and non-psychoactive cannabinoids, including THC and CBD. There are over 113 different cannabinoids in the present day marijuana plant, and they each produce different effects. Marijuana can be dried, extracted into a concentrate, or infused into food and beverages. Marijuana is consumed via smoking, vaping, or ingesting.
Phenotype refers to the physical characteristics of a plant. This includes the color of the leaves, amount of trichomes, height of the plant, structure of the flower, and more. Several different factors determine the phenotype of the plant, such as the environment.
A preroll is a joint that has been rolled for you by the dispensary or company selling the cannabis. Prerolls are all ready to be smoked, making it a very convenient product for the consumer on the go, because they can just light up and inhale without having to worry about grinding up their cannabis, rolling the joint, sealing it, and then smoking it. Prerolls come in a variety of strains and potencies, and are available in both hemp and marijuana.
Resin is the sticky, tar-like substance found in pipes, bongs, and other cannabis smoking devices. Resin builds up when the piece has not been cleaned after each use. When you look at a nug and see the trichomes, they are held together by resin. Resin contains all the terpenes, cannabinoids, and other compounds.
Terpenes are hydrocarbon compounds that give the cannabis its flavors and aromas. They also influence cannabinoids, and are produced inside of the trichomes.
Again, what type of glossary of cannabis terms is complete without discussing topicals? A topical is a body butter, lotion, ointment, or salve that is administered to the surface of the body. CBD topicals are most commonly used for fast-acting relief from pain and inflammation.
THC is a psychoactive compound present in cannabis plants. THC is the primary compound of marijuana, and is what gets you high or stoned.
Trichomes are the tiny, translucent, mushroom-shaped glands that stick out from the surface of the cannabis plant. Trichomes produce the cannabinoids and terpenes of the plant. When you look at nugs, they are the sparkly crystals that catch the light. Trichomes exist to deter insects, predators, pests, and other environmental stresses that would adversely affect the plant. They also provide humidity to the surface, so the buds don’t become dry.
That should get you started in the world of hemp. While this list is not extensive, it is a basic glossary you can refer back to when you have questions or aren’t sure what something is. Plus, knowing all of these terms will really impress your friends!